Alexander – New Jim Crow

After slavery ended many social and economic factors kept former slaves as second class citizens. Eventually the creation of the Jim Crow laws formalized their position as second class citizens. In the 40s through the 60s these laws were deemed unconstitutional, so these laws disappeared. We have seen tremendous improvements in racial equality since that… Continue reading Alexander – New Jim Crow

Appiah – Ethics of Identity – Chapter 1

Mill’s Liberalism believes that the best society is the society in which the government creates an environment where people are not only free to be themselves, but are given the capacity to be their best selves. At minimum this requires government to give us negative liberty by leaving us alone, but it also requires government… Continue reading Appiah – Ethics of Identity – Chapter 1

Foucault – The Means of Correct Training and Panopticism

The introduction of discipline, then surveillance, and then the examination as sources of power came about through changes so small they were, at the time, not worth mentioning, but they changed society at the foundation by introducing self-regulation of the smallest behavior. The goal of discipline was to get the individual to control every movement… Continue reading Foucault – The Means of Correct Training and Panopticism

Foucault – Discipline and Punish Chapter 1

March 2013 We accept and expect forms of punishment on those who exhibit certain behaviors. We just ask that punishment be just. Our political leaders perform their role by designing the form that punishment takes. Foucault argues that it is not a coincidence that the evolution of punishment in France and England saw significant changes… Continue reading Foucault – Discipline and Punish Chapter 1