Nozick – Dominant Protective Association

Although Nozick is often read as a rejection of Rawls’ socialism, Nozick is explicitly defending against anarcho-capitalism. The anarcho-capitalist (a.k.a. ‘anarchist on the right’) rejects any government that oppresses the individual’s rights. Kant spoke of humans as having a right to be treated as an end, and never as a means to an end. Anytime… Continue reading Nozick – Dominant Protective Association

Rawls – The Original Position and the Veil of Ignorance

Hobbes and Locke imagined a hypothetical “social contract” in which everyone accepted the chains of society as payment for the protection offered by society. Rousseau was more rigorous, and Hegel questioned whether the idea of the social contract makes sense. The question is “How come the social contract, comprised of equals, results in such great… Continue reading Rawls – The Original Position and the Veil of Ignorance

Alexander – New Jim Crow

After slavery ended many social and economic factors kept former slaves as second class citizens. Eventually the creation of the Jim Crow laws formalized their position as second class citizens. In the 40s through the 60s these laws were deemed unconstitutional, so these laws disappeared. We have seen tremendous improvements in racial equality since that… Continue reading Alexander – New Jim Crow

Appiah – Ethics of Identity – Chapter 1

Mill’s Liberalism believes that the best society is the society in which the government creates an environment where people are not only free to be themselves, but are given the capacity to be their best selves. At minimum this requires government to give us negative liberty by leaving us alone, but it also requires government… Continue reading Appiah – Ethics of Identity – Chapter 1